09 Oct This handout provides suggestions for writing papers or reactions that request you to evaluate a text through the lens of a crucial or theoretical additional supply.
Generally speaking, the lens should expose one thing in regards to the initial or “target” text that will never be otherwise obvious. Instead, your analysis might phone the legitimacy of this arguments regarding the lens piece into concern, expand the arguments regarding the lens text, or provoke various other reevaluation of this two texts. In either case, you’re going to be creating a vital “dialogue between texts.”
Reading the Texts
As you will fundamentally like to hone in on points of commonality and discord between your two texts, your order and way by which you read them is a must.
First, read the lens text to determine the author’s core arguments and language. Since theoretical or critical texts are usually thick and complex, it might be useful to develop a plan of this author’s points that are primary. According the to Brandeis Writing Program Handbook, a valuable lens essay will “grapple with main a few ideas” of this lens text, instead of coping with remote quotes which will or might not be indicative of this author’s argument in general. As a result, it is crucial to ensure that you certainly comprehend and that can articulate the author’s details before proceeding towards the target text.
Then, quickly see the target text to produce a basic concept of its content. Then, think about: Where do we see basic points of contract or disagreement between your two texts? Which of this lens text’s arguments that are main be employed towards the target text? It could be simpler to give attention to 1 or 2 of the lens text’s arguments that are central.
With your a few ideas in your mind, return back and browse the target text very carefully, through the theoretical lens, thinking about the next concerns: Exactly what are the primary aspects of the lens text and exactly what are their complementary components into the target text? How do I apply the lens author’s vocabulary that is theoretical logic to instances into the target text? Is there circumstances in which the lens text’s arguments don’t or can’t apply? Exactly why is this? It really is useful to keep a careful, written record of web page figures, quotes, along with your thoughts and responses while you read.
Because this form of paper relates to a synthesis that is complex of sources, it really is particularly crucial to own an obvious course of action before you start composing. It might help to cluster quotes or activities by subject material, by theme, or by if they support, contradict, or elsewhere alter the arguments into the lens text. Hopefully, typical themes, a few ideas, and arguments will start to emerge and you may start drafting!
Composing the Introduction and Thesis
As your paper involves the interactions that are complex numerous texts, you will need to explain what you should be doing the introduction. Be sure to demonstrably introduce the lens text and its particular certain arguments you will soon be using or assessing. Then introduce the target text and its particular certain themes or activities you will end up handling in your analysis.
These introductions of texts and themes should lead into some sort of thesis declaration. Though there aren’t any set guidelines or conventions for just what this thesis should appear to be, make certain it states the points of conversation you are speaking about, and describes exactly what your critical or theoretical analysis of this target text reveals concerning the texts.
Composing the human body
Your body is when you use certain arguments through the lens text to quotes that are specific circumstances within the target text. In each full instance, be sure to talk about just just what the lens text reveals in regards to the target text (or vice versa). Utilize the lens text’s language and framework that is logical examine the prospective text, but remember to be clear about where a few ideas when you look at the paper are coming from (the lens text, the prospective text, your personal interpretation etc.) so that the reader does not be confused.
By participating in this kind of analysis, you’re “entering a conversation that is academic and inserting your tips. Since this really is unquestionably easier in theory, Gerald Graff and Cathy Birkenstein’s notion of “Templates” may show of good use. Inside their book, they do say, I state, the authors set down numerous templates to simply help authors take part in unknown kinds of critical scholastic discourse. They encourage pupils to make use of the templates in just about any capability they find helpful, be it filling them in verbatim, modifying and extending them, or with them as an analytical access point, then discarding them completely.
Right right Here we modify their fundamental template (They say ________. I say ________.), to generate lens essay-specific templates to help you to get started:
Mcdougal regarding the lens text lays out a framework that is helpful understanding cases of ________ in the prospective text. Certainly, within the target text, one sees ________, which may be viewed a typical example of ________ by the lens author’s definition. Consequently, we come across a point of commonality concerning ________. This similarity reveals ________.
In line with the lens text _______ tends to happen in situations where _______. Because of the lens author’s definition, ________ in the prospective text might be considered an example of _______. Nevertheless, this parallel is imperfect because _______. As a result, we become aware of ________ order essay writing.
One sees that is______ in the mark text, which calls the lens author’s argument that ________ into question because ________.
If the writer of the lens text is correct that ________, one could be prepared to see ________ in the mark text. Nevertheless, ________ actually occurs, exposing a vital point of disagreement. This discord implies that ________. This matter is very important because ________.
Wrapping Things up and Drawing Conclusions
By this aspect in your essay, you need to be drawing conclusions regarding exactly what your lens analysis reveals concerning the texts in concerns, or the wider problems the texts target. Be sure to explain why these discoveries are very important when it comes to control by which you might be writing. This means that, that which was the point of performing your analysis into the place that is first? Pleased lens writing!
Brandeis UWS Writing Handbook, 70.
Birkenstein, Cathy and Gerald Graff, They State, I State. (Nyc: W. W. Norton & Business, 2007), 2-3.